Action Beyond Borders (ABB) is an ‘Indo-Nepal initiative’ taken up by Restless Development India and Nepal, in collaboration with researchers at Macquarie University, Australia. The project entails research which is being conducted in the villages of Parsa in Nepal and East Champaran (Bihar) in India, which share an international border. The aim of the research, which started in September 2014, is to address issues and problems which are faced across the international border in these areas.
ABB is a participatory research involving young people living in the border areas to actively participate in determining the themes of research, identifying the problems, designing data collection methods and collecting data. As part of involving young people in this project, consultations and training workshops were held, and participatory techniques were used in the youth consultations. Group techniques were developed to engage community in getting information about problems, situations, issues and find solutions.
Similar geography, culture and language provide some opportunities to the populations living along the Indo-Nepal border, but they also face certain sets of problems. In order to identify these issues, youth consultations were held with almost 30 youths in Parsa (Nepal) and Raxual (India) in each location. The participants included in-school and out-of-school youngsters.
Youth consultations held on both sides of the border, led to the identification of the following problems:
- Gender based discrimination in the family.
- Lack of knowledge on Sexual and Reproductive Health.
- Drug peddling.
- Human trafficking.
As there are not many livelihood options available for the youths, there is rise in cases of drug peddling and human trafficking.
The programme is being implemented in following phases:
- Phase 1 - Youth Consultation Workshop: in the first phase, a youth consultation workshop was held with around 30 youths in Raxual (Bihar, India) and Parsa (Nepal).
- Phase 2 - Answer Gap (Research Design) Workshop: in the second phase answer gap or research design workshop was held together with participants from each area- Parsa (Nepal) and Raxaul (Bihar, India).
- Phase 3 - Data Collection: in this phase, volunteers undertook data collection as per the identified research design and techniques. The raw data collected will be translated and shared with Macquarie University, Australia for data analysis and writing the report.
- Phase 4 - Intervention activities and review: In this phase, youths will be involved in developing intervention activities for the issue identified in earlier phases and then, implementation will be done by the youths in the selected villages (villages and number of youths will be decided in consultation with youths).