In South Africa young people make up 42% of the population. According to the Eastern Cape AIDS Council (ECAC) 36.5% of young South Africans aged between 22 and 30 do not have the appropriate skills that will enable them to enter employment or support a sustainable livelihood.
With South Africa carrying the largest HIV epidemic in the world, with a HIV prevalence rate of 16.6% amongst those aged 15-49 years. HIV is also four times higher among women aged 20-24 (21%), compared to men of the same age (5.1%).
According to the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), 2010, the Eastern Cape provincial HIV prevalence amongst antenatal women was 29.9%. The estimated overall HIV provincial prevalence has increased by 2.3% from 27.6% in 2008 to 29.9% in 2010. The leading district in the Eastern Cape province in terms of HIV prevalence was O.R.Tambo at 36%, followed by Amathole district at 32%.